Gloster Aircraft Company

 

The Gloster Aircraft Company (GAC) was formed at Hucclecote, Gloucestershire in 1915, as the Gloucestershire Aircraft Company. In 1926 the name of the company was abbreviated to Gloster because customers outside of the United Kingdom found the original name too difficult to pronounce.

 

GAC designed and produced 31 different Gloster aircraft as listed below:

 

  • 1921 Gloster Mars – single-seat racing biplane later modified as the Gloster I

  • 1921 Gloster Sparrowhawk

  • 1922 Gloster Mars VI Nighthawk

  • 1922 Gloster Mars X Nightjar

  • 1923 Gloster Gannet – single-seat ultra light biplane

  • 1923 Gloster Grebe – single-seat day fighter biplane

  • 1923 Gloster Grouse

  • 1924 Gloster Gorcock – experimental single seat fighter biplane

  • 1924 Gloster II – single-seat racing biplane

  • 1925 Gloster III – single-seat racing float biplane

  • 1925 Gloster Gamecock – single-seat day and night interceptor biplane

  • 1925 Gloster Guan – experimental single-seat high altitude fighter biplane

  • 1926 Gloster Goral – two-seat general purpose biplane

  • 1926 Gloster Goring – two-seat day bomber/torpedo biplane

  • 1927 Gloster IV – single-seat racing float biplane

  • 1927 Gloster Goldfinch – single-seat high-altitude day and night fighter biplane

  • 1927 Gloster Gambet – single-seat deck landing fighter biplane

  • 1928 Gloster Gnatsnapper – single-seat deck landing fighter biplane

  • 1929 Gloster VI – single-seat racing monoplane (world absolute speed record holder for a few hours in 1929)

  • 1929 A.S.31 Survey – two-seat photographic survey biplane

  • 1932 Gloster TC.33 – four-engined bomber/transport biplane

  • 1932 Gloster TSR.38 – three-seat torpedo/spotter/reconnaissance biplane

  • 1934 Gloster Gauntlet – single-seat day and night fighter biplane

  • 1934 Gloster Gladiator – single-seat day fighter biplane

  • 1937 Gloster F.5/34 single-seat day fighter monoplane prototype

  • 1939 Gloster F.9/37 twin engined heavy fighter prototype

  • 1941 Gloster E.28/39 first British jet engined aircraft

  • 1944 Gloster Meteor single-seat day fighter – only allied jet aircraft to see action during Second World War

  • 1948 Gloster E.1/44 single-seat jet day fighter prototype

  • 1954 Gloster Javelin two-seat all-weather jet fighter

  • 1954 Gloster Meteor F8 "Prone Pilot" experimental conversion of Meteor

 

Further details can be found at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gloster_Aircraft_Company